Urine Colour Chart

Colour Of Urine Chart For Hydration

Understanding the colour of your urine is essential to know whether or not you are dehydrated.  As the saying goes: what goes in must come out, and the colour of your urine can tell you how healthy you are.  While there are many other means of identifying your level of hydration, urine colour is one of the most effective methods.  While many urine colours are similar, the slight differences are significant to indicate dehydration.  This article will discuss the urine chart colour of urine for hydration.

What You Drink Can Affect Your Urine Colour

If you drink a lot of liquid during the day, you will need to urinate more frequently. However, not all liquids are created equally.  For example, alcohol or coffee are diuretics, meaning they make a person urinate more often.  Doing this can result in a moderate degree of dehydration, so it is important that you monitor how often you go to the bathroom along with your urine colour.

Testing The Colour Of Your Urine

Before assessing the colour of your urine, it is recommended that you consider how you will be testing it.  Urine colour varies depending on the type of test used.  For example, assessing urine in a cup differs to assessing urine in the toilet bowl as the urine in a toilet is diluted with water; therefore, the result will be altered.  Moreover, if you are using the bathroom frequently with different toilet bowls, it may be complicated to assess as there are different water levels.  More water will dilute the urine to a greater extent making it appear lighter in colour and indicating hydration.

The Meaning Of Urine Colour

It is important to note that urine can be a different colour than the chart baseline for various reasons.  Medical conditions, medication, and even the type of food consumed can influence urine colour.  However, if you see a colour with no identifiable cause, such as red or dark urine, it is recommended that you contact a medical professional.

The Urine Colour Chart From Clear To Yellow

Colour gradients on the urine colour chart can provide you with an idea of your level of hydration ranging from clear to yellow.  If the urine is dark or darkening, this is an indication of mild dehydration and it should be treated with a rehydration solution.  Below is a discussion of the urine colour chart:


Clear urine is an indication of over-hydration.  This is an acceptable colour, but should not be the default; therefore, you should cut back on water intake.

Pale Yellow

One of the healthy colours and indication of ideal hydration.

Light Straw Yellow

Another healthy urine colour and an indication of good hydration.


Yellow is indicative of good hydration, but it is on the cusp of dehydration.  When at this level, you should consider drinking more water.

Dark Yellow

Dark yellow is indicative of mild dehydration and is an unhealthy area to be – drink more water immediately!


Amber is a sign of official dehydration.  It is recommended you drink more water with supplemental oral rehydration solutions.

Orange And Darker

Any urine in this colour range is indicative of severe dehydration.  Dependent on the other signs, you may need to contact a medical professional for treatment.